University who studied for a year at the Copenhagen Institute; he focuses on problems of denomination - the sort of relationship that obtains between 'literacy' and 'literate' - and presents an edition of a relevant text by Peter of Auvergne. The centerpiece of this set of three contributions is the one contributed by the professor who conducted the seminar, Sten Ebbesen, whose three-volume study of Greek and Latin commentaries on Aristotle's Sophistici elenchi is truly monu-mental.
Here he considers the elaborate medieval analysis of the way in which a concrete accidental term manages to have a conceptually unitary meaning despite both signifying a quality and indicating that the quality has a bearer. He concludes his contribution with an edition of Peter of Auvergne's sophisma Album potest esse nigrum. Reinhard Hiilsen, a PhD candidate of the Philosophisches Institut of the Uni-versity of Hamburg, who also studied at Copenhagen with Ebbesen, is the third of this trio of contributors. He uses the medieval treatment of concrete accidental terms to illuminate the notoriously perplexing Aristotelian fallacy of "figure of speech".
[Synthese Historical Library] Meaning and Inference in Medieval Philosophy Volume 32 ||
Paul Vincent Spade, Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University, editor or translator of several medieval logical treatises and author of many valuable articles, focuses on a peculiar logical doctrine attached to the medieval semantic theory of suppositio in order to explain certain philosophical and historical developments in the latter half of the thirteenth century. Norman Kretzmann, Susan Linn Sage Professor of Philosophy at Cornell University and principal editor of The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy, presents a critical analysis of one of Richard Kilvington's sophismata in order to illustrate the achievements of later medieval epistemic logic.
He provides an edition and translation of Kilvington's Sophisma Lauge Olaf Nielsen, a Danish theologian and church historian who studied at the Copenhagen Institute with Jan Pinborg and who is doing important work on the connections between philosophy and theology in. The subjects of the ten papers are obviously diverse, and yet there are common themes that will not appear in a brief survey of the contents and that are more specific than the overarching concern with medieval logic and semantic theory.
The General Index supplied at the end of the book can serve as a guide to these unifying topics. Bibliographical references within the notes to the various contributions are keyed to the General Bibliography, for which I am happy to acknowledge my gratitude to Robert Andrews. I K benhavns Universitet, Arbog , pp. From Parmenides onwards, ancient and medieval thought had a special liking for metaphysical speculation. No doubt, speculative thought was most influentially outlined by Plato and Aristotle.
However, what the Christian thinkers achieved in metaphysics was definitely more than just applying and adapting what was handed down to them. No student of medieval speculative thought can help being struck by the peculiar fact that whenever fundamental progress was made, it was theological problems which initiated the development.
Their speculation was, time and again, focused on how the notion of being and the whole range of our linguistic tools can be applied to God's Nature Being. It is no wonder, then, that an inquiry into Boethius's notion of being should be concerned, first and foremost, with his theological treatises, especially De hebdomadibus. John Mair has recently remarked that the study of Boethius's Opuscula sacra "still proceeds on a fairly low level of certainty". The Opuscula are quite interesting, indeed, not least from the methodological point of view.
Their clarity is mainly due, I think, to the lucidity of Boethius's semantic views.
Similar books and articles
Among them Tractate III, which has the appearance of being a working paper,2 deserves our special attention as it makes and uses a number of vital distinctions concerning the notion of being. However, it would be a mistake to leave other works out of con-sideration here. Indeed, ancient and medieval semantic views were of a much wider scope and, from the ancient period onwards, deeply concerned with our use of names in general because of their basic.
Every noun name, nomen signifies some 'thing'; if not, it cannot even be called nomen. I give a quotation from Boethius' Commentary on Perihermeneias ed. Meiser : 4 II Etenim nomen alicuius nomen esse necesse erit; For a word which signifies nothing, e. Indeed a name neces-sarily is a name of some 'thing'; It should be borne in mind, however, that Boethius does not say that every name should signify some thing existing in the external world.
What he h Published on Dec View Download Inc 1 udes index. Fink, H. Academic degrees:. All degrees from the University of Copenhagen. University of Gothenburg Chairman of department and Since professor emeritus. Editor-in-chief of John Buridan's Summulae —. Organization of conferences: Organizer w. In all cases except the first also editor or co-editor of the proceedings. For decades he has had a key role in securing the perpetuation of the biennial European Symposia on Medieval Logic and Semantics.
Ancient Scholasticism and 12th century Western Europe. Lingua In: J. Pinborg ed. Museum Tusculanum: Copenhagen.
Schwabe: Basel. Brill: Leiden. Sorabji ed. Miscellanea Mediaevalia Ingenium: Nijmegen.
Medioevo 7: In: N. Kretzmann, A. Kenny, J. Pinborg eds. Pinborg : Gennadios and Western Scholasticism. Classica et Mediaevalia 33 : Historiographia Linguistica 9. Vivarium In: A. Bibliopolis: Napoli. Trabant eds. Benjamins: Amsterdam. Italian trl. Puggioni, eds. Journal of the History of Philosophy Nielsen, eds. Selected Studies on Medieval Logic and Grammar. Variorum: London. Stump, eds.
Studies in Memory of Jan Pinborg
In: Z. Vignaux eds. Vrin: Paris. In: K. Oehler ed. In: S. In: P. Lewry ed. PIMS: Toronto. Femten studier. Ebbesen ed. Mortensen, eds. Hintikka eds. Reidel: Dordrecht. In: M. Asztalos ed. Wiesner ed. McGuire ed.
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Texts by Peter of Cornwall? Schmitt and D. Kretzmann ed. Kluwer: Dordrecht. Presses Universitaires de Lille, pp. In: Clausen, U. In: R. Duckworth: London, pp. Koerner, eds. De ortu Grammaticae. X pp. Knowledge and the Sciences in Medieval Philosophy. Henninger, Relations. Biard ed. Pluta eds. Historia Philosophiae Medii Aevi 2: Pedersen ed. Two sophismata from Vat. Isis Translated by S. Marc Cohen and Gareth B. Croce 12 sin.